What Are Developmental Disorders

There are many different types of these disorders, each with their own unique symptoms and treatments. There is no cure for any of these disorders, but treatment can often be quite effective.Early onset of Alzheimer’s disease is also common in those with Down syndrome. As with other development disorders, there is no cure for Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome are guaranteed a public education, however, and can lead productive lives with early intervention and treatment. The three most common types of development disorders include the following:

• Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – ADD and ADHD manifest themselves through acute impulsiveness, inattentiveness and hyperactivity, which is especially disruptive to school performance and often has social ramifications as well. There are various medications used to treat ADD and ADHD, including antidepressants, nervous system stimulants and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. The right treatment depends on the specifics of the individual’s disorder.

• Autism Spectrum Disorder – ASD is a cortex disorder dealing with the brain’s wiring that can range from mild to acute. Children can be diagnosed before reaching age three when the symptoms are severe; other times, this disorder is not diagnosed until much later in life. Autistic people are impaired in their social abilities, remaining mute in the most severe cases or having restricted/repetitive behaviors and interests in other cases. With early diagnosis, it’s possible to treat the disorder with things like physical therapy, music therapy, auditory training, sensory integration and communication treatments, but there is no cure.

• Down Syndrome – This genetic disorder is marked by disrupted brain and body development caused by the presence of an additional duplicate of Chromosome 21 in the fertilized egg. Symptoms include lowered IQ scores and intellectual ability, as well as physical traits such as a flat face, smaller feet and hands, a short neck, irregular ears and reduced muscular tone. Many of the symptoms also mimic those of autism, including impaired social capacities. Early onset of Alzheimer’s disease is also common in those with Down syndrome. As with other development disorders, there is no cure for Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome are guaranteed a public education, however, and can lead productive lives with early intervention and treatment.

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